Motorcycle sunglasses affect both comfort and safety, but many riders wear glasses that match their riding attire better than their riding environment. This is not a surprise since it is almost impossible to find objective information about selecting motorcycle sunglasses. This guide is our attempt to remedy that problem.
As an avid motorcyclist and the owner of ADS Sports Eyewear, I get to road test every major brand of motorcycle glasses on the market. As an optician, I know what improves contrast and protects eyesight. The following guide presents two fundamental steps to follow when selecting motorcycle eyewear. At the end of this guide, I also give my opinions about the Best and Worst products from the top two manufacturers, and let you know how they compare to each other.
Looking for prescription? Jump to our section on Rx Motorcycle Glasses.
Step 1: Choose glasses that fit the type of riding you will be doing.
Longer rides or even short rides at high speeds require glasses that prevent wind from swirling around behind the lens and drying out your eyes or blowing the glasses right off of your face.
If you are usually riding between stoplights, you will want eyewear that allows more air circulation to minimize fogging and perspiration around the eyes.
Wiley-X and 7-Eye by Panoptx each offer a line of sunglasses featuring a foam eyecup that protects the eye from swirling winds. Both manufacturers also feature a venting system that manages the amount of air that comes through air vents on top and escapes out the bottom or on the sides. While too much circulating air will dry out your eyes, too little circulation will suffocate them. Either condition will reduce the amount of time you can ride comfortably. Many of the knock-off versions of these glasses do not effectively balance these airflow requirements. You can spot the knock offs because they are usually priced around $15-40 and are a brand that you can’t find any information about online. Unfortunately, some online stores import cheap frames from overseas and try to pass them off as quality. We are against that practice and prefer to offer premium eyewear with a reputation for quality.
Be extremely cautious about wearing eyewear on a motorcycle not designed specifically for speed. Choose a frame that adequately wraps around the side of your eyes. Smaller frame swill direct the burble of air created by the lens right into your eye. While this might keep the bigger bugs from flying directly in to your eye, it will provide little protection from wind and dust. The frame build should be able to withstand harsh impact. An unbreakable lens has little value if the frame it is in could disintegrate right in from of your eyes.
Step 2: Choose a lens that fits your needs.
There are a limited number of solid lens choices available to motorcyclists, and many more bad choices. The importance of making the right choice cannot be overstated. The correct lens choice will reduce eyestrain, improve contrast, and quicken your reaction time. Most importantly, it must protect your eyes from harmful light AND airborne hazards. All brands of motorcycle sunglasses that are non-prescription will use (or they should) at the very least the polycarbonate lens material as it is shatter-proof. When selecting a lens material for prescription motorcycle sunglasses, we give you a few more options that you can read about below.
Factors to consider when selecting a lens include: lens material; polarized or not; photochromic (transition) or not; and lens color. Regardless of what you choose, there will be always be pros and cons. Here we try to present the pluses and minuses associated with each choice.
Polarized lenses will allow you to see through the glare on a car windshield or a wet road. It will also show stresses in a windshield, so if the back windshield has heating elements to clear fog you might see a big checkerboard through polarized lenses.
Polarized lenses are the most effective way to cut glare and get a clean, crisp view of the road. Polarization is not a lens coating; it is a series of crystals sandwiched inside the lens that blocks scattered light from reaching your eye. Sources of reflection and glare could be windshields, wet roads, buildings, or direct sun light. Reasons not to get polarized lenses include: older LED instrumentation is harder to see through a polarized lens; vision could be distorted if polarized lenses are worn under some full-faced helmets; and polarized lenses are more expensive that traditional lenses. If you do not have older LED instrumentation or a full-faced helmet, we highly recommend polarized lenses for motorcycling.
We have done lots of testing and published several articles about wearing polarized lenses while motorcycling. This article titled Polarized Sunglasses Tested for Shortcomings has some of these results. This was done in response to the old-school belief that polarized lenses should not be worn on a motorcycle because it would be harder to see puddles in the road without glare reflecting off the water. Our finding proved this theory blatantly false. Glare does not help you see anything. Polarized lenses allow you to see through the glare on top of the water so you can see hazards in a puddle. In summary, if you need glare to differentiate pavement from a puddle, you are a candidate for prescription motorcycle sunglasses.
Overall, a polarized lens is a healthy lens. Eye doctors prescribe them after surgeries for a reason, and that is to keep more light out of your eye. Most people who try polarization side by side with a regular tinted lens almost always feel better in the polarized lens.
PHOTOCHROMIC OR TRANSITIONS LENSES
Photochromic lenses are becoming very popular with people who want one pair of motorcycle glasses for both day and night riding. This is especially true of prescription lens wearers. The biggest downside of photochromic lenses is that polycarbonate lens material does not get quite as dark as the more breakable photochromic lenses (like glass or CR-39 plastic). For people that who sensitive to bright light or people who prefer a dark sunglass lens, these may not get dark enough to be comfortable.
Lens color is almost as important as polarization when trying to maximize clarity and contrast. For most people, shades of copper provide the best contrast, and copper will always sharpen colors like reds and greens. Grey lenses are best for maintaining true color. In low light conditions like dusk, dawn, or rainy days a yellowish or light rust lens color can cut glare and improve contrast. However, if your only source of light is your motorcycle headlight a slight tint will not improve contrast, it will just reduce the little bit of light you have to work with.
What Most People Do:
Our customers are generally motorcycle enthusiasts or prescription lenses wearers (or both). Motorcyclists, runners, bicyclists, or prescription lens wearers constitute a large part of our customer base so our statistics may not be identical to the industry as a whole. But this is what we sell to motorcyclists:
Over 80% of motorcyclists order eyewear with black frames. About 60% order polarized lenses. About 15% of lenses are photochromic (Transitions), and over 65% of lenses are some form of grey. (This includes photochromic grey, polarized grey, and tinted grey.)
Any frame recommendations made above are available in prescription. As far as lens colors, all of the same rules apply. Knowing the available lens designs is the most important aspect when buying your riding glasses with a prescription. It is worth knowing that we will always use a Free-Form Digital lens design when making prescription eyewear for sporting or riding activities. Free-Form digital surfacing recalculates your prescription at every point on the back of each lens using your pupil location as the starting point for the Rx. Basically, what you need to know is that a Free-Form digital lens will provide a much bigger sweet spot, and will eliminate peripheral distortion commonly associated with putting a prescription into wrapped glasses or sunglasses. If your doctor has told you that you can't wear a wrap, give us a call and you will be pleasantly surprised. More about Free-Form digital lenses.
Prescription Lens Designs for Motorcycling Glasses:
Single Vision - Free- Form Digital
This is the most common selection for people buying motorcycling sunglasses and is for people that only need distance correction. That means that you do not normally have a bifocal or reading segment in your glasses. The Free-Form surfacing gives you a much larger optical center or 'sweet spot' so that you can see more without turning your head.
Progressive - Free-Form Digital
This lens is best for those who need a reading portion that gradually gets stronger as you look down further in the lens. This is also a 'no-line' design. With motorcycle glasses, we usually set the reading portion of the lens a bit lower than we do in standard glasses to provide a larger, unobstructed view of the road.
Prescription Lens Tint Options for Motorcycling Glasses:
This is your everyday tint that blocks 88% of light while still blocking 100% of harmful UV rays. We can do a standard tint in any color you desire including brown, bronze, grey, rose, yellow, and more.
All polarized lenses are tinted but are not available in any color like a standard tinted lens is. We provide grey, bronze, and a green/brown tint in polarized lenses unless you are buying Prescription Oakley Sunglasses that have a much wider polarized lens selection. You can read more about polarization further up this page.
These are the lenses that darken in sunlight. These are available in either grey or brown. They will not darken much behind a helmet shield and not at all behind the windshield of a car. These both block the UV light required to trigger the darkening process. An Anti-Reflective coating is very important on clear or Transitions lenses. This will prevent the "halo effect" created when light reflects back and forth inside an Rx lens.
Adding a color mirror coating to your lenses will hide your eyes and block a little more light. These mirror coatings are available in just about any color you want. and you will find the options on the page where you purchase your glasses. A mirror coating will add $79 to the cost of your lenses, regardless of color.
Acceptable Lens Materials for Rx Motorcycle Glasses and Sunglasses
Lens material choices are to polycarbonate, Trivex, or SR-91. SR-91 is a polarized form of Trivex so it has the same durability. Any other material will shatter when struck by a rock or a bug at highway speeds. If you wear regular street eyewear on a motorcycle, it is just a matter of time before Darwinism takes you out of the gene pool. Here is an example of how different materials hold up to impact testing.
If you are purchasing prescription motorcycle sunglasses and someone offers to sell you a UV lens treatment, you can assume this person is either inexperienced or unethical. The three acceptable lens choices listed above block UV rays naturally and no additional coating is required. Any lens that requires UV lens treatment is breakable and is not acceptable in motorcycle eyewear.
We use polycarbonate lenses in about 80% of our prescription motorcycle glasses. Trivex is gaining a bigger portion of this market as more people find out about it. SR-91 is about 50% more expensive than polycarbonate, but the optics are phenomenal. The SR-91 Copper-12 lens is very compatible with motorcycling. All SR-91 lenses are polarized, and none are photo-chromic.
1. SR-91 - This is polarized Trivex. This is as crystal clear as it gets in terms of unbreakable lens materials.
2. Trivex - The US military's improvement on polycarbonate. It is lighter, stronger, and provides better optics.
3. Polycarbonate - The standard lens material for 95% of sports sunglasses brands.
Non-Prescription motorcycle sunglasses always come with unbreakable polycarbonate lenses so you won't need to worry about choosing a material if you are not buying prescription.
More about Prescription Motorcycle Glasses and Sunglasses
Frequently Asked Questions about Prescription Motorcycle Glasses
Absolutely. We use new Free-Form Digital lens technology that compensates for the wrap of the glasses, eliminating the peripheral distortion that used to come with putting a prescription in wrapped motorcycle sunglasses. (This was often referred to as a "fishbowl effect". Most optical shops do not have the surfacing equipment to make these free form lenses. And many labs that have the new digital surfacing equipment choose not to pay the fee to have the entire lens surfaced mapped. ADS Sports Eyewear uses the Shamir Autograph 3 design in prescription wrapped sunglasses for sports. This design is recognized industry wide as the absolute best design for wrapped prescriptions. Using Digital Surfacing equipment without paying for the free-form lens design is the equivalent of digitally recording your 8-Track tapes. When comparing prices for prescription lenses, be sure you know this difference between Digital Lenses and FREE FORM Digital Lenses.
Motorcycle glasses with removable eye seals are far and away one of the best developments in eyewear for motorcycling. For high speed, long distance rides you can keep the eye seal installed and experience superior comfort in your eyes and longer time in the saddle without getting worn out. When you are just riding between stop lights you can remove most of these foam air seals. If you're comfortable, you will be more aware of your surroundings. Squinting or blinking to keep your eyes moisturized is an unnecessary distraction.
A lot of manufacturers used to put yellow lenses in their glasses because they thought that it brightened up the field of view, but the use of yellow lenses has drastically dropped. This is because yellow is a "light gathering" color that your brain translates as brightness. In reality, it reduces contrast and decreases the amount of light in your field of vision by about 35%. Every color becomes some shade of yellow, and there is minimal definition in anything. A clear lens with a good Anti Reflective coating is your best option if your motorcycle headlight is your only source of light. On well lit roads or highways a light copper, brown, or rose color provide better contrast and kill some of the glare from oncoming headlights. A Transitions lens that is clear at night is also a good option.
Finding the right motorcycle eyewear will make riding safer and more enjoyable. It requires a little information, and a little time. We can give you the information. You have to get off your bike for a few minutes and make the time. If you have any questions, call us. We are happy to help or offer suggestions.